[Linux Mint] Software I usually install on my daily driver

Software you get from the default repository’s:

sudo apt install \
chromium \
cantata \
vlc \
kdeconnect \
blueman \
flameshot \
skypeforlinux \
git \
python3-pip \
python-is-python3 \
thefuck \
fortune \
cowsay \
micro \
stacer \
variety \ 
conky \
tldr \
tmux \
bashtop \

AppImages

Remmina

sudo apt-add-repository ppa:remmina-ppa-team/remmina-next
sudo apt update
sudo apt install remmina remmina-plugin-rdp remmina-plugin-secret

Mainline – Ubuntu Mainline Kernel Installer

sudo apt-add-repository -y ppa:cappelikan/ppa
sudo apt update
sudo apt install mainline

youtube-dl

sudo curl -L https://yt-dl.org/downloads/latest/youtube-dl -o /usr/local/bin/youtube-dl
sudo chmod a+rx /usr/local/bin/youtube-dl
#Set default download path
micro .config/youtube-dl/config
-o ~/Downloads/%(title)s.%(ext)s
#usage converting to mp3
youtube-dl -x --audio-format mp3 --add-metadata --embed-thumbnail https://youtu.be/dQw4w9WgXcQ

Lutris (Great guide: https://christitus.com/ultimate-linux-gaming-guide/)

# Install latest Drivers: https://github.com/lutris/docs/blob/master/InstallingDrivers.md
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:kisak/kisak-mesa
sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 
sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt install libgl1-mesa-dri:i386
sudo apt install mesa-vulkan-drivers mesa-vulkan-drivers:i386

#Add "RADV_PERFTEST=aco" to /etc/environment

# Install Wine https://wiki.winehq.org/Ubuntu
wget -nc https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key
sudo apt-key add winehq.key
sudo add-apt-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ focal main' 
sudo apt update
sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-stable

# Lutris
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:lutris-team/lutris
sudo apt update
sudo apt install lutris

Lolcat http://nocin.eu/shell-neofetch-lolcat/

Cinnamon Extensions https://cinnamon-spices.linuxmint.com/extensions/view/81

Zsh https://nocin.eu/terminal-zsh-oh-my-zsh-powerlevel10k/

Thunderbird with https://addons.thunderbird.net/de/thunderbird/addon/tbsync/ and https://protonmail.com/bridge/

Transmission Remote GUI https://github.com/transmission-remote-gui/transgui

FreeOffice https://www.freeoffice.com/de/download/programme

SAP Gui https://nocin.eu/sap-install-sap-gui-for-java-7-50-on-linux-mint-20/

Steam https://store.steampowered.com/about/

Telegram https://desktop.telegram.org/

Bashtop https://nocin.eu/software-bashtop-alternative-to-top-and-htop/

Increase GRUB Timeout

sudo micro /etc/default/grub

#Setze von 0 auf 5
GRUB_TIMEOUT=5

sudo update-grub

Create new shortcut for the “System Monitor”

Copying my dotfiles over. First the .aliases

alias zoop="echo '👉😎👉 ~Zoop!~' | lolcat"
alias moo='fortune | cowsay | lolcat'
alias tux='fortune | cowsay -f tux | lolcat'
alias gnu='fortune | cowsay -f gnu | lolcat'


alias ll='ls -Al --color=auto --block-size=MB'
alias ls='ls -l --color=auto --block-size=MB'
alias cp='cp -vR'
alias rm='rm -vR'
alias mv='mv -v'
alias ln='ln -v'
alias mkdir='mkdir -v'
alias chown='chown -v'
alias chmod='chmod -v'
alias rmdir='rmdir -v'
alias tar='tar -xvf'

alias sudo="sudo " #Allows for aliases to work with sudo.
alias wget='wget -qc --show-progress' #Download with WGet with pretty and useful features.
alias grep='grep -sI --color=auto' #Colorful (auto) 'grep' output.
alias psf='ps -faxc -U $UID -o pid,uid,gid,pcpu,pmem,stat,comm' #Less excessive, current-user-focused ps alternative.
alias klog="sudo dmesg -t -L=never -l emerg,alert,crit,err,warn --human --nopager" #Potentially useful option for viewing the kernel log.
alias lsblk='lsblk -o name,label,fstype,size,type,uuid'


# Micro Editor
alias mic='micro'
alias nano='micro'

# Column bereitet daten in spalten auf
alias mount='mount | column -t'

#mkdir && cd
function mcd() {
    mkdir -p $1
    cd $1
}

alias dl='cd "$HOME"/Downloads'

Followed by my .zshrc

neofetch | lolcat

# See https://github.com/ohmyzsh/ohmyzsh/wiki/Themes
# ZSH_THEME="robbyrussell"
ZSH_THEME=powerlevel10k/powerlevel10k

# zsh-syntax-highlighting has to be the last plugin!
plugins=(git tmux zsh-autosuggestions zsh-syntax-highlighting)

# To customize prompt, run `p10k configure` or edit ~/.p10k.zsh.
[[ ! -f ~/.p10k.zsh ]] || source ~/.p10k.zsh

source $ZSH/oh-my-zsh.sh

if [ -f ~/.aliases ]; then
. ~/.aliases 
fi
eval $(thefuck --alias FUCK)

Megarac SP Gui / IPMI

In meinem NAS nutze ich seit vielen Jahren als Motherboard ein ASRock C2550D4I mit einer recht stromsparsamen on-Board CPU und einer BMC/IPMI Schnittstelle, welche Fernwartung über einen separaten LAN Port möglich macht.

BMC = Baseboard Management Controllers
IPMI = Intelligence Platform Management Interface

Bei einem BMC Update hat sich leider die WebGui verabschiedet und ich musste mir die Sache auf der Konsole anschauen. Dafür habe ich IPMITOOL installiert und verwendet. Dabei stellte sich heraus, dass lediglich die Netzwerkeinstellungen verloren gegangen sind.

Hier einige hilfreiche Befehle im Umgang mit dem IPMITOOL, welche mir geholfen haben. Über diesen Weg lässt sich ebenfalls das Passwort des Admin Users zurücksetzen.

# install 
sudo apt install ipmitool

# display sensor & network settings
sudo ipmitool sensor
sudo ipmitool lan print 1

#set network settings
sudo ipmitool lan set 1 ipsrc static
sudo ipmitool lan set 1 ipaddr 192.168.178.3
sudo ipmitool lan set 1 defgw ipaddr 192.168.178.1


# Reset password
# https://support.oneidentity.com/de-de/kb/261220/reset-the-bmc-ipmi-password
sudo ipmitool user list 1
ID  Name	     Callin  Link Auth	IPMI Msg   Channel Priv Limit
1                    false   false      true       ADMINISTRATOR
2   admin            true    true       true       ADMINISTRATOR
3                    true    false      false      NO ACCESS
4                    true    false      false      NO ACCESS
5                    true    false      false      NO ACCESS
6                    true    false      false      NO ACCESS
7                    true    false      false      NO ACCESS
8                    true    false      false      NO ACCESS
9                    true    false      false      NO ACCESS
10                   true    false      false      NO ACCESS
sudo ipmitool user set password 2
Password for user 2: 
Password for user 2: 
Set User Password command successful (user 2)


# IPMI reseten
# https://www.thomas-krenn.com/de/wiki/IPMI_BMC_reset_bei_IPMI_Problemen
sudo ipmitool mc reset cold
# or remote with
ipmitool -I lanplus -H ip_address -U admin -a bmc reset cold

# Wenn das nicht hilft, ggf. hier schauen:
# https://portal.nutanix.com/page/documents/kbs/details?targetId=kA00e000000CrKRCA0

[Software] Save battery power on laptops

With TLP I was able to extend the battery life of my ThinkPad E595 significantly.

“TLP is a feature-rich command line utility for Linux, saving laptop battery power without the need to delve deeper into technical details.”
https://linrunner.de/tlp/

If you prefer tools with UI, check TLPUI: https://github.com/d4nj1/TLPUI
There is also a repository for it:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:linuxuprising/apps
sudo apt update
sudo apt install tlpui

When using a ThinkPad, there are specific kernel modules that can be installed.
https://linrunner.de/tlp/installation/ubuntu.html#thinkpads-only

Check with tlp-stat -b

Install with:

sudo apt install acpi-call-dkms tp-smapi-dkms

Another tool to monitor your power usage is PowerTOP:

“PowerTOP is a Linux tool to diagnose issues with power consumption and power management.”
https://01.org/powertop/

[Proxmox] Installing Cockpit with ZFS Manager extension

The Cockpit ZFS Manager requires Cockpit version 201 or above. In the Debian Buster repository there’s only cockpit version 188, so you have to use the buster backports repository, which contains cockpit version 223.

# install cockpit
echo "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian buster-backports main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/buster-backport.list
apt update
apt-get -t buster-backports install cockpit
# add ZFS manager
git clone https://github.com/optimans/cockpit-zfs-manager.git
cp -r cockpit-zfs-manager/zfs /usr/share/cockpit
# start cockpit
systemctl start cockpit.service
systemctl enable cockpit.service
systemctl status cockpit.service

Now browse to https://ip-address-of-machine:9090 and login.

[HTPC] hide mouse cursor with Unclutter

Damit beim Filme schauen auf dem Fernseher nicht immer händisch der Mauszeiger aus dem sichtbaren Bereich geschoben werden muss, habe ich nach einer Lösung gesucht und wurde mit Unclutter fündig: “Unclutter ist ein kleines Hilfsprogramm, das den Mauszeiger verschwinden lässt.”

#install
apt install unclutter
#config
cat /etc/default/unclutter

“Unclutter startet ab dem nächsten Neustart automatisch. Wenn man das oder die Optionen ändern will, kann man es durch Bearbeiten [3] der Datei /etc/default/unclutter mit Root-Rechten erreichen.”
Standardmäßig verschwindet der Mauszeiger nach einer Sekunde. Kann aber natürlich beliebig angepsasst werden.

[Software] Using pdfunite to merge PDF documents

First install pdfunite:

sudo apt update 
sudo apt install poppler-utils

Syntax:

pdfunite source1.pdf source2.pdf merged_output.pdf

If a pdf file is located in a different folder, you have to add the path like this: $home/Downloads/source1.pdf
If you want to merge all pdf’s of the current folder you cant type:

pdfunite *.pdf merged_output.pdf

[NFS] Mount NFS Share inside VirtualBox VM

When receiving an error mounting an NFS share inside your VM:

sudo mount -t nfs xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:/data/media /mnt/nfs/media
mount.nfs: access denied by server while mounting xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:/mnt/nfs/media

Just change the network adapter of your VM in VirtualBox from “NAT” to “Bridge Mode”.

As alternative you can force the usage of the TCP protocol when mounting, like it is described here.