[Mint] Install PyWal on Linux Mint 20.1 Cinnamon

“Pywal is a tool that generates a color palette from the dominant colors in an image. It then applies the colors system-wide and on-the-fly in all of your favorite programs.”


pip3 install pywal

I’m using Variety to change my wallpaper every day automatically. To always get the right colors in my terminal I added some lines in my .zshrc that will always grab the current wallpaper and pass it to PyWal. I’m sure a bash pro would do this in just one line… 🙂

# load previous theme
(cat ~/.cache/wal/sequences &)
# get picture path
picturepath=$(gsettings get org.gnome.desktop.background picture-uri) 
# remove prefix & suffix
# set colors
wal -n -q -i "$picturepath"
#---PyWal End---#

There are many plugins/tools you can combine with PyWal:




[Mint] Software I usually install on my daily driver

Software you get from the default repository’s:

sudo apt install \
chromium \
cantata \
vlc \
kdeconnect \
blueman \
flameshot \
skypeforlinux \
git \
python3-pip \
python-is-python3 \
thefuck \
fortune \
cowsay \
micro \
stacer \
variety \ 
conky \
tldr \
tmux \
bashtop \
birdtray \



sudo apt-add-repository ppa:remmina-ppa-team/remmina-next
sudo apt update
sudo apt install remmina remmina-plugin-rdp remmina-plugin-secret

Mainline – Ubuntu Mainline Kernel Installer

sudo apt-add-repository -y ppa:cappelikan/ppa
sudo apt update
sudo apt install mainline


sudo curl -L https://yt-dl.org/downloads/latest/youtube-dl -o /usr/local/bin/youtube-dl
sudo chmod a+rx /usr/local/bin/youtube-dl
#Set default download path
micro .config/youtube-dl/config
-o ~/Downloads/%(title)s.%(ext)s
#usage converting to mp3
youtube-dl -x --audio-format mp3 --add-metadata --embed-thumbnail https://youtu.be/dQw4w9WgXcQ


echo "deb http://packages.azlux.fr/debian/ buster main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/azlux.list
wget -qO - https://azlux.fr/repo.gpg.key | sudo apt-key add -
apt update
apt install broot

Lutris (Great guide: https://christitus.com/ultimate-linux-gaming-guide/)

# Install latest Drivers: https://github.com/lutris/docs/blob/master/InstallingDrivers.md
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:kisak/kisak-mesa
sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 
sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt install libgl1-mesa-dri:i386
sudo apt install mesa-vulkan-drivers mesa-vulkan-drivers:i386

#Add "RADV_PERFTEST=aco" to /etc/environment

# Install Wine https://wiki.winehq.org/Ubuntu
wget -nc https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key
sudo apt-key add winehq.key
sudo add-apt-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ focal main' 
sudo apt update
sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-stable

# Lutris
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:lutris-team/lutris
sudo apt update
sudo apt install lutris

Lolcat http://nocin.eu/shell-neofetch-lolcat/

Cinnamon Extensions https://cinnamon-spices.linuxmint.com/extensions/view/81

Zsh https://nocin.eu/terminal-zsh-oh-my-zsh-powerlevel10k/

Thunderbird with https://addons.thunderbird.net/de/thunderbird/addon/tbsync/ and https://protonmail.com/bridge/ (+ configuring birdtray!)

Transmission Remote GUI https://github.com/transmission-remote-gui/transgui

FreeOffice https://www.freeoffice.com/de/download/programme

SAP Gui https://nocin.eu/sap-install-sap-gui-for-java-7-50-on-linux-mint-20/

Steam https://store.steampowered.com/about/

Telegram https://desktop.telegram.org/

Bashtop https://nocin.eu/software-bashtop-alternative-to-top-and-htop/

Increase GRUB Timeout

sudo micro /etc/default/grub

#Setze von 0 auf 5

sudo update-grub

Create new shortcut for the “System Monitor”

Copying my dotfiles over. First the .aliases

alias zoop="echo '👉😎👉 ~Zoop!~' | lolcat"
alias moo='fortune | cowsay | lolcat'
alias tux='fortune | cowsay -f tux | lolcat'
alias gnu='fortune | cowsay -f gnu | lolcat'

alias ll='ls -Al --color=auto --block-size=MB'
alias ls='ls -l --color=auto --block-size=MB'
alias cp='cp -vR'
alias rm='rm -vR'
alias mv='mv -v'
alias ln='ln -v'
alias mkdir='mkdir -v'
alias chown='chown -v'
alias chmod='chmod -v'
alias rmdir='rmdir -v'
alias tar='tar -xvf'

alias sudo="sudo " #Allows for aliases to work with sudo.
alias wget='wget -qc --show-progress' #Download with WGet with pretty and useful features.
alias grep='grep -sI --color=auto' #Colorful (auto) 'grep' output.
alias psf='ps -faxc -U $UID -o pid,uid,gid,pcpu,pmem,stat,comm' #Less excessive, current-user-focused ps alternative.
alias klog="sudo dmesg -t -L=never -l emerg,alert,crit,err,warn --human --nopager" #Potentially useful option for viewing the kernel log.
alias lsblk='lsblk -o name,label,fstype,size,type,uuid'

# Micro Editor
alias mic='micro'

# Column bereitet daten in spalten auf
alias mount='mount | column -t'

#mkdir && cd
function mcd() {
    mkdir -p $1
    cd $1

alias dl='cd "$HOME"/Downloads'

Followed by my .zshrc

neofetch | lolcat

# See https://github.com/ohmyzsh/ohmyzsh/wiki/Themes
# ZSH_THEME="robbyrussell"

# zsh-syntax-highlighting has to be the last plugin!
plugins=(git tmux zsh-autosuggestions zsh-syntax-highlighting)

# Preferred editor for local and remote sessions
 if [[ -n $SSH_CONNECTION ]]; then
   export EDITOR='micro'
   export EDITOR='nano'

# To customize prompt, run `p10k configure` or edit ~/.p10k.zsh.
[[ ! -f ~/.p10k.zsh ]] || source ~/.p10k.zsh

source $ZSH/oh-my-zsh.sh

if [ -f ~/.aliases ]; then
. ~/.aliases 
eval $(thefuck --alias FUCK)

[Software] Using pdfunite to merge PDF documents

First install pdfunite:

sudo apt update 
sudo apt install poppler-utils


pdfunite source1.pdf source2.pdf merged_output.pdf

If a pdf file is located in a different folder, you have to add the path like this: $home/Downloads/source1.pdf
If you want to merge all pdf’s of the current folder you cant type:

pdfunite *.pdf merged_output.pdf

An alternative with GUI is PDF Arranger.

[Terminal] Shorcut overview

Further shortcuts:

Ctrl-LCleans the screen
Ctrl-YPastes back the stuff erased by Ctrl-K or Ctrl-U
Ctrl-CAborts a application
Ctrl-ZSuspend a application. Resume it again by fg (resume in foreground) and bg (resume in background).
Use jobs if you have multiple suspended applications and use fg %# (where # is the job number) to get it back on screen or end it with kill %#.
Ctrl-Dis same as typing exit
Pos1like Ctrl-A
Endlike Ctrl-E
Ctrl-RSearch terminal history

Some of the shortcuts are also recognized by other applications, like Ctrl-U on Ubuntu’s graphical login screen.

[Shell] Delete a folder and its content

If you downloaded a series there are often folders for each episode. Each episode folder often includes another folder called “Sample” with a short demo video file.

Series -> Season 01 -> Episode 01 -> Sample -> sample.mkv

To get rid of these you can use the “find” and “rm” command. To remove each sample folder with its content you have to use the remove command with an “-r”.

find -name "Sample" -exec rm -r "{}" \;

[Shell] SSH Passwordless Login Using SSH Keygen

Generate key, copy key to server and finally ssh passwordless into your server.

ssh-kegen -t rsa
ssh-copy-id root@ip
ssh root@ip

View your generated key with:

cat /home/user/.ssh/id_rsa           //local
cat /home/user/.ssh/authorized_keys  //server

To disable password authentication permanently you have to edit the ssh config. Be sure to first backup before editing. Now just set PasswordAuthentication to “no” in your config and restart the ssh daemon.

cp /etc/ssh/sshd_config /etc/ssh/sshd_config_bak
nano /etc/ssh/sshd_config
service ssh restart

[Shell] zsh-autosuggestions

Simple plugin to get autosuggestions from your history while typing in your Zsh shell. If you are using Oh My Zsh, the installtion is done in 3 steps. Look here.
Just grab the plugin:

git clone https://github.com/zsh-users/zsh-autosuggestions ${ZSH_CUSTOM:-~/.oh-my-zsh/custom}/plugins/zsh-autosuggestions

Add it in your ~/.zshrc (zsh config):


And restart the terminal. Done.

[Mint] Install PyWal on Linux Mint 19.2 Cinnamon

“Pywal is a tool that generates a color palette from the dominant colors in an image. It then applies the colors system-wide and on-the-fly in all of your favourite programs.”
For the installation look at Github. In my case I had to run the following command:

sudo apt purge python3-pip && sudo apt install --install-recommends python3-pip && pip3 install pywal

To get an overview of your PyWal installation run:

pip3 show pywal

Test it with:

wal -v

If it returns “zsh: command not found: pywal” you have to add the PIP install directory to your path

export PATH="${PATH}:${HOME}/.local/bin/"

To use PyWal, just run it with wal -i and the path to an image.

wal -i /path/to/image.jpg