[SAP] Install SAP Gui for Java 7.50 on Linux Mint 20

Download

First have a look at the Requirements and FAQ.
Find the download link to the SAP Support Portal here. You will need a valid S-User and download permissions.

If you are not able to download the installer in the Support Portal, there is a little workaround. Both, the installer for SAP Gui for Windows and SAP Gui for Java are also delivered with the AS ABAP 752 SP04, developer edition:

“The actual download (in the form of several .rar files), along with more information is available from the SAP Community Trials and Downloads page. Search for “7.52 SP04″ for convenience.”

You will have to download all 11 .rar files (about 14,6GB). When unziping, you’ll find a folder called client (about 1,2GB) containing both installers.

Installation

Since SAP Gui 7.50 Rev 5, Oracles JDKs is not necessary to run SAP Gui for Java, instead you are able to use OpenJDK. Read more about it here. And since version 7.50 Rev 8 the installer includes SapMachine and OpenJFX. Read more about it here. In this case, you don’t even have to install OpenJKD and OpenJFX by yourself and don’t have specify the module path, because it comes containerized within the SAP Gui.
So better first check the version of your downloaded gui. I’ve got SAP Gui 750 rev 5 within the AS ABAP 752 SP04. So let’s install openJDK & openJFX.

sudo apt-get install openjdk-11-jre openjfx
java --version

Finally lets install the SAP Gui:

cd JavaGUI/
java -jar PlatinGUI750_5-80002496.JAR install

The important step during the installation of SAP Gui for Java Rev 5 is to define the option for the module path. The module path hast to point to the OpenJFX lib-path:

/usr/share/openjfx/lib

Now you should be able to run the SAP Gui on Linux Mint 20

Eclipse ADT

When using Eclipse with ADT in combination with SAP Gui for Java and receiving the following error:

"The system reqirements are not met.Could not find: javafx.propertiesin: /usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64/libYour Java Virtual Machine seems not to support JavaFX, required to run the SAPGUI for Java 7.50 rev 5.Please make sure you provide a valid path to the Java FX modules during guiinstallation."

You also have to add the OpenJFX path to the eclipse.ini file. Read more about it here.

--module-path=/usr/share/openjfx/lib
--add-modules=ALL-MODULE-PATH

[Software] Save battery power on laptops

With TLP I was able to extend the battery life of my ThinkPad E595 significantly.

“TLP is a feature-rich command line utility for Linux, saving laptop battery power without the need to delve deeper into technical details.”
https://linrunner.de/tlp/

If you prefer tools with UI, check TLPUI: https://github.com/d4nj1/TLPUI
There is also a repository for it:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:linuxuprising/apps
sudo apt update
sudo apt install tlpui

When using a ThinkPad, there are specific kernel modules that can be installed.
https://linrunner.de/tlp/installation/ubuntu.html#thinkpads-only

Check with tlp-stat -b

Install with:

sudo apt install acpi-call-dkms tp-smapi-dkms

Another tool to monitor your power usage is PowerTOP:

“PowerTOP is a Linux tool to diagnose issues with power consumption and power management.”
https://01.org/powertop/

[Proxmox] Installing Cockpit with ZFS Manager extension

The Cockpit ZFS Manager requires Cockpit version 201 or above. In the Debian Buster repository there’s only cockpit version 188, so you have to use the buster backports repository, which contains cockpit version 223.

# install cockpit
echo "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian buster-backports main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/buster-backport.list
apt update
apt-get -t buster-backports install cockpit
# add ZFS manager
git clone https://github.com/optimans/cockpit-zfs-manager.git
cp -r cockpit-zfs-manager/zfs /usr/share/cockpit
# start cockpit
systemctl start cockpit.service
systemctl enable cockpit.service
systemctl status cockpit.service

Now browse to https://ip-address-of-machine:9090 and login.

Blog umgezogen -> Docker

Heute habe ich den Blog von einem DigitalOcean Droplet auf einen V-Root Server bei Strato umgezogen. Da der V-Root etwas mehr Power hat, werde ich einige Dienste, die ich bereits privat auf meinen Proxmox Servern hoste, auch auf den Strato Server umziehen. Bisher habe ich meine Anwendungen überwiegend in LXC’s (Linux Containern) oder auch VM’s installiert. In Kombination mit ZFS als Dateisystem (mit der großartigen Snapshot Fähigkeit) bin ich damit die letzten 4 Jahre ohne Probleme gefahren. Bei einem V-Root ist diese Möglichkeit nun nicht mehr gegeben. Daher habe ich die Chance genutzt, tiefer in das Thema Docker einzusteigen. Bisher habe ich nur vereinzelt Docker Container genutzt und die wenigen jeweils auch nochmal in einem LXC (vereinfachte mir das Snapshot handling). Nun also mal der Versuch, komplett auf Docker umzusteigen.

Der WordPress Blog ist als erstes in einen Docker Container umgezogen. Danach habe ich noch Nextcloud (plus OnlyOffice & Collabora) und Bitwarden aufgesetzt. Hier werde ich jedoch noch ein paar Tage testen, bevor ich mit all meinen Daten rüber migriere. Da man immer wieder von Traefik als Reverse Proxy in Kombination mit Docker liest, habe ich diesen probiert, jedoch nach mehreren Stunden etwas gefrustet wieder sein lassen. Auch wenn die ersten Services ganz gut damit liefen, scheint mir der Aufwand erheblich höher und die benötigten Labels für jeden Container nicht grade intuitiv. Da in den meisten Dokus Beispiele für Nginx zu finden sind, bin ich zurück zu dem Nginx Proxy Manager, welchen ich bereits seit Jahren erfolgreich zuhause im Einsatz habe. Auch wenn das bedeutet, dass ein Docker Container nun nicht “automatisch” via Traefik (durch 10-20 vorher zusammen gesuchte Labels je Service….) nach außen bereitgestellt wird, sondern nur nach “einigen wenigen” Klicks im Nginx Proxy Manager…. Nach meinem Gefühl, gibt sich das irgendwie nicht viel.

Einige weitere Dienste stehen noch auf der Liste und auch ein paar neue Sachen möchte ich mit aufnehmen. Bereits installiert sind:

  • WordPress
  • Nginx Proxy Manager
  • Nextcloud
  • OnlyOffice
  • Collabora
  • Bitwarden
  • MyPhpAdmin

Es folgen noch:

  • Portainer
  • Wallabag
  • Gitlab
  • Jitsi
  • Teamspeak
  • PiHole
  • Wireguard
  • OpenLDAP

Und je länger man nachdenkt, desto mehr fällt einem sicherlich noch ein. 🙂
Die Docker-Compose Dateien werde ich dann final auch hier Veröffentlichen mit allen zugehörigen Links, die mir bei der ein oder anderen Schwierigkeit geholfen haben.

[HTPC] hide mouse cursor with Unclutter

Damit beim Filme schauen auf dem Fernseher nicht immer händisch der Mauszeiger aus dem sichtbaren Bereich geschoben werden muss, habe ich nach einer Lösung gesucht und wurde mit Unclutter fündig: “Unclutter ist ein kleines Hilfsprogramm, das den Mauszeiger verschwinden lässt.”

#install
apt install unclutter
#config
cat /etc/default/unclutter

“Unclutter startet ab dem nächsten Neustart automatisch. Wenn man das oder die Optionen ändern will, kann man es durch Bearbeiten [3] der Datei /etc/default/unclutter mit Root-Rechten erreichen.”
Standardmäßig verschwindet der Mauszeiger nach einer Sekunde. Kann aber natürlich beliebig angepsasst werden.

[ABAP Env] gCTS

https://blogs.sap.com/2020/05/30/sap-cloud-platform-abap-environment-lifecycle-management-introduction/
https://blogs.sap.com/2020/05/30/sap-cloud-platform-abap-environment-lifecycle-management-sample-scenarios/

GitGit is a distributed version-control system
CTSChange and Transport Management System
gCTSGit-based CTS (the evolution of the classical CTS)
abapGitAn open-source Git client that allows you to import existing code into your ABAP system
RepositoryA Repository is a collection of objects, their directory structure, and metadata
Transport requestsA transport request records all the changes in your ABAP development system.
With gCTS: Once a transport request is released, the changes are pushed into your central Git repository in the cloud as a commit represented by a commit ID.

[ZFS] import pool: “cannot mount ‘/’: directory is not empty”

$ sudo zpool list
NAME             SIZE  ALLOC   FREE  CKPOINT  EXPANDSZ   FRAG    CAP  DEDUP    HEALTH  ALTROOT
data            10,9T  10,3T   577G        -         -    46%    94%  1.00x    ONLINE  -
externalBackup  5,44T  4,19T  1,25T        -         -     0%    77%  1.00x    ONLINE  -
rpool            111G  27,4G  83,6G        -         -    40%    24%  1.00x    ONLINE  -

$ sudo zpool import externalBackup
cannot mount '/': directory is not empty

$ sudo zfs set mountpoint=/externalBackup externalBackup

$ sudo zfs get mountpoint externalBackup
NAME            PROPERTY    VALUE                SOURCE
externalBackup  mountpoint  /externalBackup  local

$ sudo zfs get mounted externalBackup
NAME            PROPERTY  VALUE    SOURCE
externalBackup  mounted   no       -

$ sudo zfs mount externalBackup

$ sudo zfs get mounted externalBackup
NAME            PROPERTY  VALUE    SOURCE
externalBackup  mounted   yes      -

[RaspberryPi] Installing MPD on a RaspberryPi 3 with HifiBerry AMP2

Until recently, I only used my RaspberryPi 3 as Bluetooth Speaker with the HifiBerry AMP2 and two old B&W DM601. This setup only consumes about 3 Watts idling, so its running 24h. I used the VLC Android App on my smartphone to access my music on my NAS and streamed it via Bluetooth to the Pi.

But I wanted to control the music on different devices (like Tablet, HTPC, Desktop) and was annoyed, having to reconnect my smartphone Bluetooth connection all the time when coming home. Also there is still a loss of quality with Bluetooth and i have many FLAC files now. That’s why I gave Music Player Daemon (MPD) a try. A daemon which runs on the Pi and can be controlled from different clients. It accesses my music library via Wifi directly on the NAS.

These are the steps I had to make on my Raspberry Pi:

  1. Firmware update
  2. Set up the the Hifiberry AMP2 (if not yet done)
  3. Mount NFS share with your music
  4. Install MPD and the clients MPC and ncmpcpp
  5. Edit MPD config file
  6. Run MPC update to fill library
  7. Configure NCMPCPP
  8. MPDroid as smartphone client
©Hifiberry AMP2

1. Firmware update

I had some audio cracking when switching a song or just pressing play and pause. Following this blog, they released a fix with in a newer firmware version, unfortunately after a while they broke it again with a later firmware version…. nevertheless I made the update and somehow I get less cracking, even if it doesn’t disappear completely.

sudo apt-get install rpi-update
sudo rpi-update
sudo reboot

Update 23.05.2020: Install PulseAudio, if the Firmware update will not help.
https://dbader.org/blog/crackle-free-audio-on-the-raspberry-pi-with-mpd-and-pulseaudio#update2
https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Music_Player_Daemon/Tips_and_tricks#Local_(as_your_own_user)

2. Set up the the Hifiberry AMP2

Just follow these steps: https://github.com/project-owner/Peppy.doc/wiki/HiFiBerry-Amp

And check if user Pi is member of the audio group. If not, add him to.

$ groups
pi adm dialout cdrom sudo audio video plugdev games users input
$ sudo usermod -a pi -G audio

3. Mount NFS share

My music is stored on to a NAS and published via NFS. So I just had to mount it to my Pi.
https://www.elektronik-kompendium.de/sites/raspberry-pi/2102211.htm

sudo apt install nfs-common
sudo mkdir -p /mnt/nfs/music
showmount -e ipadress
sudo mount -t nfs -o soft ipadress:/data/music /mnt/nfs/music

Use autofs to auto mount the NFS share on boot.
https://www.elektronik-kompendium.de/sites/raspberry-pi/2102221.htm

sudo apt install autofs
sudo nano /etc/auto.nfs
sudo nano /etc/auto.master
sudo service autofs restart
mount
ls /mnt/nfs/music/
sudo reboot
#check again after reboot
ls /mnt/nfs/music/

auto.nfs

music -fstype=nfs,rw,retry=0 192.168.178.100:/data/music

auto.master

/mnt/nfs /etc/auto.nfs

4. Install MPD and the clients MPC and ncmpcpp

sudo apt update
sudo apt install mpd mpc ncmpcpp

5. Edit MPD config file and restart service

Open the mpd.conf file in your favorite editor and after editing, restart the service.

sudo nano /etc/mpd.conf
sudo systemctl restart mpd

I had to make the following changes in the config:

music_directory         "/mnt/nfs/music"
bind_to_address         "any"
auto_update             "yes"
audio_output {
        type            "alsa"
        name            "My ALSA Device"
        device          "hw:0,0"        
        mixer_type      "software"
}

Check aplay -l for the right device settings.

$ aplay -l
**** List of PLAYBACK Hardware Devices ****
card 0: sndrpihifiberry [snd_rpi_hifiberry_dacplus], device 0: HiFiBerry DAC+ HiFi pcm512x-hifi-0 [HiFiBerry DAC+ HiFi pcm512x-hifi-0]
  Subdevices: 0/1
  Subdevice #0: subdevice #0

6. Run MPC update to fill library

The Music Player Client (MPC) acts as client (as well as ncmpcpp) to MPD. MPD itself is just the daemon and has no music controlling capabilities.

#check if the output(s) is enabled
mpc outputs
#update the database (will take while)
mpc update
#look up the commands to adjust volume and play a file as test 
mpc help 

7. Configure ncmpcpp

When using ncmpcpp as client, you have to do a small configuration to tell the client to which server it should talk to. So open the config:

sudo nano ~/.ncmpcpp/config

and insert the following lines. When using ncmpcpp directly one the raspberry, set 127.0.0.1 as mpd_host. When using it on another machine (like your desktop), insert the IP of the raspberry pi.

ncmpcpp_directory =         "~/.ncmpcpp"
mpd_host =                  "127.0.0.1"
mpd_port =                  "6600"	
allow_for_physical_item_deletion = yes

Here is a cool cheatsheet on how to control ncmpcpp:
https://pkgbuild.com/~jelle/ncmpcpp/

If you prefer a GUI, install Cantata or Sonata:
https://github.com/CDrummond/cantata
https://www.nongnu.org/sonata/

8. Install MPDroid

To control MPD via Smartphone, install the MPDroid App from the F-Droid store: https://f-droid.org/en/packages/com.namelessdev.mpdroid/