[Mint] Install PyWal on Linux Mint 20.1 Cinnamon

“Pywal is a tool that generates a color palette from the dominant colors in an image. It then applies the colors system-wide and on-the-fly in all of your favorite programs.”


pip3 install pywal

I’m using Variety to change my wallpaper every day automatically. To always get the right colors in my terminal I added some lines in my .zshrc that will always grab the current wallpaper and pass it to PyWal. I’m sure a bash pro would do this in just one line… 🙂

# load previous theme
(cat ~/.cache/wal/sequences &)
# get picture path
picturepath=$(gsettings get org.gnome.desktop.background picture-uri) 
# remove prefix & suffix
# set colors
wal -n -q -i "$picturepath"
#---PyWal End---#

There are many plugins/tools you can combine with PyWal:




[Mint] Software I usually install on my daily driver

Software you get from the default repository’s:

sudo apt install \
chromium \
cantata \
vlc \
kdeconnect \
blueman \
flameshot \
skypeforlinux \
git \
python3-pip \
python-is-python3 \
thefuck \
fortune \
cowsay \
micro \
stacer \
variety \ 
conky \
tldr \
tmux \
bashtop \
birdtray \



sudo apt-add-repository ppa:remmina-ppa-team/remmina-next
sudo apt update
sudo apt install remmina remmina-plugin-rdp remmina-plugin-secret

Mainline – Ubuntu Mainline Kernel Installer

sudo apt-add-repository -y ppa:cappelikan/ppa
sudo apt update
sudo apt install mainline


sudo curl -L https://yt-dl.org/downloads/latest/youtube-dl -o /usr/local/bin/youtube-dl
sudo chmod a+rx /usr/local/bin/youtube-dl
#Set default download path
micro .config/youtube-dl/config
-o ~/Downloads/%(title)s.%(ext)s
#usage converting to mp3
youtube-dl -x --audio-format mp3 --add-metadata --embed-thumbnail https://youtu.be/dQw4w9WgXcQ


echo "deb http://packages.azlux.fr/debian/ buster main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/azlux.list
wget -qO - https://azlux.fr/repo.gpg.key | sudo apt-key add -
apt update
apt install broot

Lutris (Great guide: https://christitus.com/ultimate-linux-gaming-guide/)

# Install latest Drivers: https://github.com/lutris/docs/blob/master/InstallingDrivers.md
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:kisak/kisak-mesa
sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 
sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt install libgl1-mesa-dri:i386
sudo apt install mesa-vulkan-drivers mesa-vulkan-drivers:i386

#Add "RADV_PERFTEST=aco" to /etc/environment

# Install Wine https://wiki.winehq.org/Ubuntu
wget -nc https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key
sudo apt-key add winehq.key
sudo add-apt-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ focal main' 
sudo apt update
sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-stable

# Lutris
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:lutris-team/lutris
sudo apt update
sudo apt install lutris

Lolcat http://nocin.eu/shell-neofetch-lolcat/

Cinnamon Extensions https://cinnamon-spices.linuxmint.com/extensions/view/81

Zsh https://nocin.eu/terminal-zsh-oh-my-zsh-powerlevel10k/

Thunderbird with https://addons.thunderbird.net/de/thunderbird/addon/tbsync/ and https://protonmail.com/bridge/ (+ configuring birdtray!)

Transmission Remote GUI https://github.com/transmission-remote-gui/transgui

FreeOffice https://www.freeoffice.com/de/download/programme

SAP Gui https://nocin.eu/sap-install-sap-gui-for-java-7-50-on-linux-mint-20/

Steam https://store.steampowered.com/about/

Telegram https://desktop.telegram.org/

Bashtop https://nocin.eu/software-bashtop-alternative-to-top-and-htop/

Increase GRUB Timeout

sudo micro /etc/default/grub

#Setze von 0 auf 5

sudo update-grub

Create new shortcut for the “System Monitor”

Copying my dotfiles over. First the .aliases

alias zoop="echo '👉😎👉 ~Zoop!~' | lolcat"
alias moo='fortune | cowsay | lolcat'
alias tux='fortune | cowsay -f tux | lolcat'
alias gnu='fortune | cowsay -f gnu | lolcat'

alias ll='ls -Al --color=auto --block-size=MB'
alias ls='ls -l --color=auto --block-size=MB'
alias cp='cp -vR'
alias rm='rm -vR'
alias mv='mv -v'
alias ln='ln -v'
alias mkdir='mkdir -v'
alias chown='chown -v'
alias chmod='chmod -v'
alias rmdir='rmdir -v'
alias tar='tar -xvf'

alias sudo="sudo " #Allows for aliases to work with sudo.
alias wget='wget -qc --show-progress' #Download with WGet with pretty and useful features.
alias grep='grep -sI --color=auto' #Colorful (auto) 'grep' output.
alias psf='ps -faxc -U $UID -o pid,uid,gid,pcpu,pmem,stat,comm' #Less excessive, current-user-focused ps alternative.
alias klog="sudo dmesg -t -L=never -l emerg,alert,crit,err,warn --human --nopager" #Potentially useful option for viewing the kernel log.
alias lsblk='lsblk -o name,label,fstype,size,type,uuid'

# Micro Editor
alias mic='micro'

# Column bereitet daten in spalten auf
alias mount='mount | column -t'

#mkdir && cd
function mcd() {
    mkdir -p $1
    cd $1

alias dl='cd "$HOME"/Downloads'

Followed by my .zshrc

neofetch | lolcat

# See https://github.com/ohmyzsh/ohmyzsh/wiki/Themes
# ZSH_THEME="robbyrussell"

# zsh-syntax-highlighting has to be the last plugin!
plugins=(git tmux zsh-autosuggestions zsh-syntax-highlighting)

# Preferred editor for local and remote sessions
 if [[ -n $SSH_CONNECTION ]]; then
   export EDITOR='micro'
   export EDITOR='nano'

# To customize prompt, run `p10k configure` or edit ~/.p10k.zsh.
[[ ! -f ~/.p10k.zsh ]] || source ~/.p10k.zsh

source $ZSH/oh-my-zsh.sh

if [ -f ~/.aliases ]; then
. ~/.aliases 
eval $(thefuck --alias FUCK)

[Hardware] ASUS TUF GAMING B550M-PLUS and RTL8125B Realtek

Just switched some hardware parts in my main PC:

I moved from Intel to an AMD build. I kept my boot disk with Linux Mint 20 and everything was running out of the box, except there was no ethernet connection available. The RTL8125B Realtek network card is not yet supported on a Kernel < 5.9. Since I’m running Kernel 5.6.14, I had to manual install it.

Go to: https://www.realtek.com/en/component/zoo/category/network-interface-controllers-10-100-1000m-gigabit-ethernet-pci-express-software

Download the “2.5G Ethernet LINUX driver r8125 for kernel up to 5.6”, untar and follow the installation instructions from the README. In fact you only have to run

sudo ./autorun.sh
#check with
lsmod | grep r8125
ifconfig -a

[SAP] Install SAP Gui for Java 7.50 on Linux Mint 20


First have a look at the Requirements and FAQ.
Find the download link to the SAP Support Portal here. You will need a valid S-User and download permissions.

If you are not able to download the installer in the Support Portal, there is a little workaround. Both, the installer for SAP Gui for Windows and SAP Gui for Java are also delivered with the AS ABAP 752 SP04, developer edition:

“The actual download (in the form of several .rar files), along with more information is available from the SAP Community Trials and Downloads page. Search for “7.52 SP04″ for convenience.”

You will have to download all 11 .rar files (about 14,6GB). When unziping, you’ll find a folder called client (about 1,2GB) containing both installers.


Since SAP Gui 7.50 Rev 5, Oracles JDKs is not necessary to run SAP Gui for Java, instead you are able to use OpenJDK. Read more about it here. And since version 7.50 Rev 8 the installer includes SapMachine and OpenJFX. Read more about it here. In this case, you don’t even have to install OpenJKD and OpenJFX by yourself and don’t have specify the module path, because it comes containerized within the SAP Gui.
So better first check the version of your downloaded gui. I’ve got SAP Gui 750 rev 5 within the AS ABAP 752 SP04. So let’s install openJDK & openJFX.

sudo apt-get install openjdk-11-jre openjfx
java --version

Finally lets install the SAP Gui:

cd JavaGUI/
java -jar PlatinGUI750_5-80002496.JAR install

The important step during the installation of SAP Gui for Java Rev 5 is to define the option for the module path. The module path hast to point to the OpenJFX lib-path:


Now you should be able to run the SAP Gui on Linux Mint 20

Eclipse ADT

When using Eclipse with ADT in combination with SAP Gui for Java and receiving the following error:

"The system reqirements are not met.Could not find: javafx.propertiesin: /usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64/libYour Java Virtual Machine seems not to support JavaFX, required to run the SAPGUI for Java 7.50 rev 5.Please make sure you provide a valid path to the Java FX modules during guiinstallation."

You also have to add the OpenJFX path to the eclipse.ini file. Read more about it here.


[Mint] Installing Manjaro KDE Plasma in VirtualBox 6.0 on Linux Mint 19.2 Cinnamon

Install VirtualBox 6.0 on Linux Mint.

wget -q https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox_2016.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add -
echo "deb [arch=amd64] https://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian bionic contrib" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/virtualbox.list
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install -y virtualbox-6.0

Download the Manjaro ISO here.
Run VirtualBox and create a new VM with type “Linux” and version “Arch Linux (64-bit)”. If done, go to Settings -> Display and switch Graphics Controller to “VBoxVGA” to be able to change the screen resolution of your VM. For transparency effects, you can also check “Enable 3D Acceleration”.
(Changing this setting didn’t work on my existing VM, only when creating a new VM. So it’s important to do this step before installing the OS.)

Now go to Storage and add your Manjaro ISO as optical drive.

Start the VM and go through the Manjaro installation process. If done, shutdown your VM, go back to settings and remove the Manjaro ISO as optical drive. Else it will boot again into the installer. Now start the VM again.

To run with the VirtualBox Guest Additions, you only have to install virtual-box-utils inside your VM:

sudo pacman -S virtualbox-guest-utils

[Mint] Installing KDE Plasma Desktop on Linux Mint 19.2 Cinnamon

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:kubuntu-ppa/backports
sudo apt upgrade
sudo aptitude install --with-recommends kubuntu-desktop

Without the “recommends” you’ll get some errors about missing dependencies like here:

The following packages have unmet dependencies:  kubuntu-desktop : Depends: software-properties-kde but it is not going to be installed

Because Linux Mint 19.2 is based on Ubuntu 18.04., the Kubuntu backports only provides Plasma Version 5.12.19.
Ubuntu 18.04 contains Qt Version 5.9.5 and Plasma 5.13 will need at least Qt 5.10.
You can check the current Qt and Plasma version with


[Mint] Install Bitwarden-CLI on Linux Mint 19.2 Cinnamon

Find their Github here and their Documentation here. They recommend to install via NPM. So first we have to install the Node.js runtime if you have not yet.
If you follow the Node.js installation guide you would use:

sudo apt-get install curl python-software-properties
curl -sL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_12.x | sudo bash -

But this will lead into the following, since 19.2 Tina is not yet support (on 19.1 Tara it will run fine).

## Confirming "tina" is supported...

+ curl -sLf -o /dev/null 'https://deb.nodesource.com/node_12.x/dists/tina/Release'

## Your distribution, identified as "tina", is not currently supported, please contact NodeSource at https://github.com/nodesource/distributions/issues if you think this is incorrect or would like your distribution to be considered for support

So we have to do it manually. I used this little how-to i found on Github:

# Add missing signature
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-key 1655A0AB68576280

# Replace misconfigured  sources file. Change version of node you like to have. 8/10/12
echo -e "deb https://deb.nodesource.com/node_10.x bionic main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/nodesource.list
echo -e "deb-src https://deb.nodesource.com/node_10.x bionic main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/nodesource.list

# Update packages and install
sudo apt update
sudo apt install nodejs

Finally install Bitwarden-CLI with a single line.

sudo npm install -g @bitwarden/cli

Now you can login into Bitwarden. If you have enabled any two-step login method, you have to add the parameter “–method” and a specific value for the login in method you can find here. In my case “0”, as I’m using TOTP.

bw login --method 0

If you successfully logged in, you will get your session key and are able to read your passwords:

To unlock your vault, set your session key to the `BW_SESSION` environment variable. ex:
$ export BW_SESSION="xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx"
> $env:BW_SESSION="xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx"
You can also pass the session key to any command with the `--session` option. ex:
$ bw list items --session xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

[Mint] Install PyWal on Linux Mint 19.2 Cinnamon

“Pywal is a tool that generates a color palette from the dominant colors in an image. It then applies the colors system-wide and on-the-fly in all of your favourite programs.”
For the installation look at Github. In my case I had to run the following command:

sudo apt purge python3-pip && sudo apt install --install-recommends python3-pip && pip3 install pywal

To get an overview of your PyWal installation run:

pip3 show pywal

Test it with:

wal -v

If it returns “zsh: command not found: pywal” you have to add the PIP install directory to your path

export PATH="${PATH}:${HOME}/.local/bin/"

To use PyWal, just run it with wal -i and the path to an image.

wal -i /path/to/image.jpg