[ABAP] OM – Lese Personen auf und unterhalb einer OE

Liefert unter einer Orgeinheit alle Personen. Auch in tieferen OE.

    DATA(lt_actor) = VALUE tswhactor( ).
    CALL FUNCTION 'RH_STRUC_GET'
      EXPORTING
        act_otype       = 'O'
        act_objid       = lv_oe
        act_wegid       = 'O-O-S-P'
        act_plvar       = '01'
        act_begda       = sy-datum
        act_endda       = sy-datum
        act_tflag       = space
        act_vflag       = space
        authority_check = space
      TABLES
        result_tab      = lt_actor
      EXCEPTIONS
        no_plvar_found  = 1
        no_entry_found  = 2
        OTHERS          = 3.
    IF sy-subrc <> 0.
      CONTINUE.
    ENDIF.

    " Nur Pernr's relevant
    DELETE lt_actor WHERE otype <> 'P'.
    " Doppelte Pernr's entfernen
    DELETE ADJACENT DUPLICATES FROM lt_actor.

[HR] Abrechnungsergebnisse lesen

Reports:

RPCLSTRD – Anzeige des Clusters RD (Abrechnungsergebnisse Deutschland), Tcode: PC_PAYRESULT
H99_DISPLAY_PAYRESULT – Anzeigen von Abrechnungsergebnissen

Abrechnungsergebnistabelle:

Eine sehr schöne Übersicht über die Tabellen: https://l3consulting.de/die-tabellen-im-abrechnungscluster-des-sap-hcm-verstehen/
Die Tabelle RT enthält die Ergebnislohnarten der ausgewählten Abrechnungsperiode. (RT_ = komprimierte Darstellung)

Funktionsbausteine:

HR_GET_PAYROLL_RESULTS – Lesen von Abrechnungsergebnissen für Monats- und Jahresreports
PYXX_READ_PAYROLL_RESULT – Generischer Import von Abrechnungsergebnissen
HRCM_PAYROLL_RESULTS_GET – Abrechnungsdaten einer Person ermitteln

Hinweise zu Bausteinen: https://blog.hr-manager.de/2011/09/abap-abrechnungsergebnisse-lesen-per.html

Logische Datenbank:

Eine weitere Möglichkeit ist die Nutzung der logischen Datenbank PNP. Die Verwendung logischer Datenbanken ist jedoch obsolet (zumindest in anderen Modulen) und sollten daher eigentlich nicht mehr verwendet werden.

*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Report  ZGETPAYROLL
*& Eigenschaften: Selektionsbildvariante 900, HR-Reportklasse PY_DEF.
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*&
*&
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*

REPORT  ZGETPAYROLL.

TABLES: PERNR, PYORGSCREEN, PYTIMESCREEN.

INFOTYPES: 0002.

NODES: PAYROLL TYPE PAYDE_RESULT.

DATA: WA_RT TYPE PC207.

START-OF-SELECTION.

GET PERNR.

RP_PROVIDE_FROM_LAST P0002 SPACE PN-BEGDA PN-ENDDA.

WRITE:/ PERNR-PERNR, P0002-VORNA, P0002-NACHN.

GET PAYROLL.

  LOOP AT PAYROLL-INTER-RT INTO WA_RT.
    WRITE:/ WA_RT-LGART, WA_RT-BETRG.
  ENDLOOP.

END-OF-SELECTION.

Oder in Kombination mit einem Fuba:

*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Report  ZGETPAYROLL
*& Eigenschaften: HR-Reportklasse __M00001.
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*&
*&
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*

REPORT ZGETPAYROLL.

TABLES: pernr.               "Necessary for get pernr

INFOTYPES: 0001,             "Organisatorische Zuord
           0002,             "Daten zur Person
           0006,             "Anschrift
           0057.             "Mitgliedschaften

DATA: l_payroll_result TYPE payat_result OCCURS 0 WITH HEADER LINE.


START-OF-SELECTION.

GET pernr.

rp_provide_from_last p0001 '' pn-begda pn-endda.

CALL FUNCTION 'HR_GET_PAYROLL_RESULTS'
    EXPORTING
      pernr                         = pernr-pernr
      permo                         = pn-permo
      pabrj                         = pn-pabrj
      pabrp                         = pn-pabrp
      actual                        = space         "X actual, ' ' retro-differences
      waers                         = 'EUR'
    TABLES
      result_tab                    = l_payroll_result
    EXCEPTIONS
      no_results                    = 0
      wrong_structure_of_result_tab = 2
      OTHERS                        = 4.
  IF sy-subrc NE 0.
    RETURN. "nächste Pernr
  ENDIF.

[ABAP] Download internal table as TXT or CSV

DATA: l_output_line    TYPE ty_output,
      l_output_lines   TYPE tt_output,  
      l_csv_output     TYPE truxs_t_text_data,
      l_txt_output     TYPE TABLE OF string,

PARAMETERS: p_alv   RADIOBUTTON GROUP rb1 DEFAULT 'X' USER-COMMAND radio,
            p_csv   RADIOBUTTON GROUP rb1,
            p_flcsv TYPE rlgrap-filename DEFAULT 'c:\temp\file.csv',
            p_txt   RADIOBUTTON GROUP rb1,
            p_fltxt TYPE rlgrap-filename DEFAULT 'c:\temp\file.txt'.

" fill table l_output_lines

  IF p_csv = abap_true.

    CALL FUNCTION 'SAP_CONVERT_TO_CSV_FORMAT'
      TABLES
        i_tab_sap_data       = l_output_lines
      CHANGING
        i_tab_converted_data = l_csv_output.

    TRY.
        cl_gui_frontend_services=>gui_download( EXPORTING filename = CONV #( p_flcsv )
                                                          filetype = 'ASC'
                                                CHANGING  data_tab = l_csv_output ).  " Übergabetabelle
      CATCH cx_root INTO DATA(e_text).
        MESSAGE e_text->get_text( ) TYPE 'I'.
    ENDTRY.


  ELSEIF p_txt = abap_true.

    LOOP AT l_output_lines INTO l_output_line.
      CALL FUNCTION 'SO_STRUCT_TO_CHAR'
        EXPORTING
          ip_struct = l_output_line
        IMPORTING
          ep_string = l_string.
      APPEND l_string TO l_txt_output.
    ENDLOOP.

    TRY.
        cl_gui_frontend_services=>gui_download( EXPORTING filename = CONV #( p_fltxt )
                                                          filetype = 'ASC'
                                                CHANGING  data_tab = l_txt_output ).  " Übergabetabelle
      CATCH cx_root INTO e_text.
        MESSAGE e_text->get_text( ) TYPE 'I'.
    ENDTRY.

  ENDIF.

[ABAP] Read SO10 Textmodule with Textsymbol replacement

METHOD read_text.

    DATA: lines   TYPE TABLE OF tline,
          header  TYPE THEAD,
          lt_text TYPE soli_tab.

    CALL FUNCTION 'READ_TEXT'
      EXPORTING
        id                      = 'ST'
        language                = sy-langu
        name                    = "Textname"
        object                  = 'TEXT'
      IMPORTING
        header                  = header
      TABLES
        lines                   = lines
      EXCEPTIONS
        id                      = 1
        language                = 2
        name                    = 3
        not_found               = 4
        object                  = 5
        reference_check         = 6
        wrong_access_to_archive = 7
        OTHERS                  = 8.
    IF sy-subrc <> 0.
    ENDIF.

   CALL FUNCTION 'INIT_TEXTSYMBOL'.

   CALL FUNCTION 'SET_TEXTSYMBOL'
      EXPORTING
        name    = '&MATNR&'
        value   = '00000001'
        replace = 'X'.

    CALL FUNCTION 'REPLACE_TEXTSYMBOL'
      EXPORTING
        endline   = lines( lines )
        startline = 1
      TABLES
        lines     = lines.

    CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERT_ITF_TO_STREAM_TEXT'
      EXPORTING
        language    = sy-langu
      TABLES
        itf_text    = lines
        text_stream = lt_text.

  ENDMETHOD.

[ABAP] Read smartform textmodule

Oldschool:

    DATA(ls_languages) = VALUE ssfrlang( langu1 = sy-langu ).
    DATA(lt_text_stream) = VALUE soli_tab( ).

    CALL FUNCTION 'SSFRT_READ_TEXTMODULE'
      EXPORTING
        i_textmodule       = 'Z_SMARTFORM_TEXT'
        i_languages        = ls_languages
      IMPORTING
        o_text             = lt_text
      EXCEPTIONS
        error              = 1
        language_not_found = 2
        OTHERS             = 3.

    IF lt_text IS NOT INITIAL.

      CALL FUNCTION 'CONVERT_ITF_TO_STREAM_TEXT'
        EXPORTING
          language    = sy-langu
        TABLES
          itf_text    = lt_text
          text_stream = lt_object_content.

    ENDIF.

Newschool:

    TRY.
        DATA(lr_form) = NEW cl_ssf_fb_smart_form( ).
        lr_form->load( im_formname = 'ZECOS_GM_ERROR' ).

        DATA(ls_varheader) = lr_form->varheader[ 1 ].
        DATA(lr_node) = CAST cl_ssf_fb_node( ls_varheader-pagetree ).
        DATA(lr_text) = CAST cl_ssf_fb_text_item( lr_node->obj ).

        LOOP AT lr_text->text INTO DATA(ls_text).
          WRITE:/ ls_text-tdline.
        ENDLOOP.

      CATCH cx_ssf_fb.
      CATCH cx_sy_itab_line_not_found.
    ENDTRY.

[ABAP] Leave Request Approval Workflow with Escalation

During the leave request approval process the standard workflow WS12300111 does not include any deadlines. To archieve this you can simply copy the workflow and add a deadline at the approval task (Step 38). There are two possible ways to forward the approval step to the next processor:
1. Forward your current workitem to the next approver.
2. Set current workitem to obsolete and create a new workitem and assign it to the next approver. Then you also have to add the new step ID to this BAdI Filter.
I took the first option. In my demo the escalation is triggered after just three minutes.

The deadline generates a new exit on the approval step.

In this new exit you able to call your own logic on finding the new approver, forward the workitem and inform him via mail if necessary.

To forward the request to next the approver, you have to forward the workitem and also set this new approver as next processor in the current leave request.
So first identify the next approver. I used RH_GET_LEADER for this.

*--------------------------------------------------*
* Get next approver
*--------------------------------------------------*
    CALL FUNCTION 'RH_GET_LEADER'
      EXPORTING
        plvar                     = '01'
        keydate                   = sy-datum
        otype                     = is_approver-otype
        objid                     = CONV realo( is_approver-objid )
      IMPORTING
        leader_type               = lv_leader_type
        leader_id                 = lv_leader_id
      EXCEPTIONS
        no_leader_found           = 1
        no_leading_position_found = 2
        OTHERS                    = 3.

    CHECK lv_leader_type EQ 'P' AND lv_leader_id IS NOT INITIAL.

    CALL FUNCTION 'HR_GET_USER_FROM_EMPLOYEE'
      EXPORTING
        pernr             = CONV pernr_d( lv_leader_id )
        iv_with_authority = abap_false
      IMPORTING
        user              = lv_userid_approver.

    ev_approver-otype = |US|.
    ev_approver-objid = lv_userid_approver.


Then set this new approver as next processor in your request. While doing this, it’s recommended to enqueue and dequeue the request. To get the current request object use class cl_pt_req_badi.

*--------------------------------------------------*
* Set new approver in request
*--------------------------------------------------*
    " Enqueue the request
    CALL FUNCTION 'ENQUEUE_EPTREQ'
      EXPORTING
        mode_ptreq_header = 'S'
        mandt             = sy-mandt
        request_id        = io_req->req_id
      EXCEPTIONS
        foreign_lock      = 1
        system_failure    = 2
        OTHERS            = 3.

    " Get the request object instance
    CALL METHOD cl_pt_req_badi=>get_request
      EXPORTING
        im_req_id  = io_req->req_id
      IMPORTING
        ex_request = DATA(lcl_request).
    CALL METHOD lcl_request->set_next_processor
      EXPORTING
        im_actor_type = 'P'
        im_plvar      = '01'
        im_otype      = 'P'
        im_objid      = CONV #( lv_leader_id ). " PERNR of Next Approver
    IF sy-subrc = 0.
      COMMIT WORK AND WAIT.
    ENDIF.

    " Dequeue the request
    CALL FUNCTION 'DEQUEUE_EPTREQ'
      EXPORTING
        mode_ptreq_header = 'S'
        request_id        = io_req->req_id.

Finally forward the workitem to the new approver. There of course you need the right workitem ID of the approving step.

*--------------------------------------------------*
* Forward workitem to next approver
*--------------------------------------------------*
    CALL FUNCTION 'SAP_WAPI_FORWARD_WORKITEM'
      EXPORTING
        workitem_id  = iv_wi_id                "woritem id of approving step
        user_id      = lv_userid_approver
        language     = sy-langu
        do_commit    = 'X'
      IMPORTING
        return_code  = lv_subrc.
    IF lv_subrc <> 0.
    ENDIF.

[ABAP] Workflow mail step -> Add attachment

Recently I got the demand to enhance the leave request approvel workflow with some mail steps. These mails should also include the attachments, which can be uploaded in the “Leave Request” Fiori App.

To achive this, I used the exit functionality in the mail step.

There you have to provide a class name. The class has to implement the following interface:

IF_SWF_IFS_WORKITEM_EXIT

You will get a method you can implement.

This Method has two parameters, the “Event Name” and the “Workitem Context”.

With the event, you are able to control, in which situations your exit should be fired. In my case, I just need my code run when the workitem is created (event “CREATED”). You’ll find all usable events in domain SWW_EVTTYP.

To get and pass back the attachment to the mail step, a few things has to be done.
First get the curent workitem container and check if there is already any attachment. If not, read the request id from the the leave request. With this request id, you are able to find the attachment you need. I’ve already wrote a method for that, you’ll find below. Then convert the xstring to a solix table, create the attachment document with function module “SO_DOCUMENT_INSERT_API1″ and ” SWO_CREATE” and finally pass it to the container.

 METHOD if_swf_ifs_workitem_exit~event_raised.

    DATA: lv_container     TYPE REF TO if_swf_ifs_parameter_container,
          lv_attach        TYPE TABLE OF obj_record,
          lv_folder_id     TYPE soodk,
          wa_document_info TYPE sofolenti1,
          lv_data          TYPE sodocchgi1,
          lv_objtype       TYPE swo_objtyp,
          lv_objkey        TYPE swo_typeid,
          lv_return        TYPE swotreturn,
          lv_sofm          TYPE swo_objhnd,
          lv_objject       TYPE obj_record,
          tb_obj           TYPE TABLE OF obj_record,
          it_solix_tab1    TYPE solix_tab,
          req_id           TYPE tim_req_id,
          lv_doc_type      TYPE so_obj_tp.

    CHECK im_event_name = 'CREATED'.

* Fetch Container

    lv_container = im_workitem_context->get_wi_container( ).

* Read attachment to confirm that there is no duplication

    TRY.
        lv_container->get(
          EXPORTING
            name  = '_ATTACH_OBJECTS'
          IMPORTING
            value = lv_attach ).

      CATCH: cx_swf_cnt_elem_not_found,
             cx_swf_cnt_elem_type_conflict,
             cx_swf_cnt_unit_type_conflict,
             cx_swf_cnt_container.
    ENDTRY.

    CHECK lv_attach IS INITIAL.

    CALL FUNCTION 'SO_FOLDER_ROOT_ID_GET'
      EXPORTING
        owner     = sy-uname
        region    = 'B'
      IMPORTING
        folder_id = lv_folder_id.

* Get Request ID

    lv_container->get(
      EXPORTING
        name       = 'RequestId'        
      IMPORTING
        value      = req_id ).          

* Get XSTRING of attachment

    zcl_xxx=>get_req_attachment(
      EXPORTING
        iv_req_id     = req_id                
      IMPORTING
        ev_xstring    = DATA(xstring)
        es_attachment = DATA(ls_attachment) ).

    CHECK xstring IS NOT INITIAL.

* Get document type

    SELECT SINGLE doc_type FROM toadd INTO @lv_doc_type
       WHERE mimetype EQ @ls_attachment-file_type.
    IF sy-subrc NE 0.
      lv_doc_type = 'PDF'. "If doc_type not found, at least try with pdf.
    ENDIF.

* Create and set document

    it_solix_tab1 = cl_document_bcs=>xstring_to_solix( xstring ).

* Creating First attachment

    lv_data-obj_name   = ls_attachment-file_name.
    lv_data-obj_descr  = ls_attachment-file_name.
    lv_data-obj_langu  = sy-langu.
    lv_data-sensitivty = 'P'.
*    lv_data-doc_size   = ls_attachment-file_size.

    CALL FUNCTION 'SO_DOCUMENT_INSERT_API1'
      EXPORTING
        folder_id                  = lv_folder_id
        document_data              = lv_data
        document_type              = lv_doc_type
      IMPORTING
        document_info              = wa_document_info
      TABLES
        contents_hex               = it_solix_tab1
      EXCEPTIONS
        folder_not_exist           = 1
        document_type_not_exist    = 2
        operation_no_authorization = 3
        parameter_error            = 4
        x_error                    = 5
        enqueue_error              = 6
        OTHERS                     = 7.

* Populate object type and object key for create an instance

    lv_objtype = 'SOFM'.
    lv_objkey  = wa_document_info-doc_id.

    CALL FUNCTION 'SWO_CREATE'
      EXPORTING
        objtype           = lv_objtype
        objkey            = lv_objkey
      IMPORTING
        object            = lv_sofm
        return            = lv_return
      EXCEPTIONS
        no_remote_objects = 1
        OTHERS            = 2.

* Prepare for attaching the object to container

    lv_objject-header  = 'OBJH'.
    lv_objject-type    = 'SWO'.
    lv_objject-handle  = lv_sofm.
    APPEND lv_objject TO tb_obj.

*—can be used for other workitems

    lv_container->set(
      EXPORTING
        name  = '_ATTACH_OBJECTS'
        value = tb_obj[] ).

*–this will add the attachment to email

    lv_container->set(
      EXPORTING
        name  = 'ATTACHMENTS'
        value = tb_obj[] ).

* Commit the changes

    im_workitem_context->do_commit_work( ).

  ENDMETHOD.

The following function modules are needed to read the leave request attachment:

  METHOD get_req_attachment.

    DATA: lv_has_errors     TYPE  ptreq_has_error_flag,
          lt_messages       TYPE  ptarq_uia_messages_tab,
          lt_attachments    TYPE  hress_t_ptarq_att_info,
          ex_has_attachment TYPE  boole_d.

    CALL FUNCTION 'PT_ARQ_ATTACHMENT_GET'
      EXPORTING
        im_request_id     = iv_req_id
*       IM_VERSION_NO     =
*       IM_DOCUMENT_TYPE  =
      IMPORTING
        ex_has_errors     = lv_has_errors
        ex_messages       = lt_messages
        et_attachments    = lt_attachments
        ex_has_attachment = ex_has_attachment.

    CHECK ex_has_attachment EQ abap_true.

    TRY.
        es_attachment = lt_attachments[ 1 ].
      CATCH cx_sy_itab_line_not_found.
    ENDTRY.


    CALL FUNCTION 'PT_ARQ_ATTACHMENT_DETAIL_GET'
      EXPORTING
        iv_arc_doc_id   = es_attachment-archiv_doc_id
*        iv_doc_type     =
      IMPORTING
        ex_file_content = ev_xstring
        ex_has_errors   = lv_has_errors
        ex_messages     = lt_messages.

  ENDMETHOD.

[ABAP] Restrict Select-Option to single values

INITIALIZATION.

  DATA: ls_restrictions TYPE sscr_restrict.

  APPEND VALUE #( name = 'CP' options-cp = abap_true ) TO ls_restrictions-opt_list_tab.

  APPEND VALUE #( kind    = 'S' name    = 'S_GRUND' sg_main = 'I'
                  sg_addy = ' ' op_main = 'CP'      op_addy = 'CP' ) TO ls_restrictions-ass_tab.

  CALL FUNCTION 'SELECT_OPTIONS_RESTRICT'
    EXPORTING
      restriction = ls_restrictions.